Allo' Expat Turks & Caicos - Connecting Expats in Turks & Caicos Island
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Turks & Caicos Island Geography


The two island groups are in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Bahamas, north of Hispaniola, and about 1,000 km (620 mi) from Miami in the United States. The territory is geographically contiguous to the Bahamas, both comprising the Lucayan Archipelago, but is politically a separate entity. The Caicos Islands are separated by the Caicos Passage from the closest Bahamian islands, Mayaguana and Great Inagua.

Comparatively, Turks & Caicos Islands is about twice the size of Andorra or 2.5 times the size of Washington DC.

The eight main islands and more than 299 smaller islands have a total land area of 616.3 km² (238.0 mi²), primarily of low, flat limestone with extensive marshes and mangrove swamps and 332 km² (128 mi²) of beach front. The weather is usually sunny and relatively dry, but suffers frequent hurricanes. The islands have limited natural fresh water resources; private cisterns collect rainwater for drinking.

Turks & Caicos Islands features a relatively dry and sunny marine tropical climate with relatively consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year. Summertime temperatures rarely exceed 33°C (91°F) and winter night time temperatures rarely fall below 18°C (64°F).


Location : Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Geographic coordinates : 21 45 N, 71 35 W
Map references

: Central America and the Caribbean

: total: 948 sq km
land: 948 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative : about twice the size of Andorra or 2.5 times the size of Washington DC
Land boundaries : 0 km

Coastline : 389 km
Maritime claims
: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate : tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Terrain : low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Elevation extremes : lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Flamingo Hill 48 m
Natural resources : spiny lobster, conch
Land use : arable land: 2.33%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.67% (2005)
Irrigated land

: NA
Natural hazards
: frequent hurricanes
Environment - current issues
: limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Geography - note : about 40 islands (eight inhabited)




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